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Africa’s Underrepresentation on UN Security Council ‘No Longer Sustainable,’ Says Zimbabwean Expert

Recently, the UNSC held an open debate on strengthening the role of African states in addressing global security and development challenges. During the debate, Russia’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN, Dmitry Chumakov, called on the international community to correct the historical injustice of Africa’s underrepresentation in the Council. Africa’s under-representation in the UN Security Council is “no longer sustainable, almost 80 years after the United Nations was formed,” Dr. Alexander Rusero, Head of the Department of International Relations and Diplomacy at Africa University in Zimbabwe, told Sputnik Africa in an interview. Echoing calls for increased African representation in the UN Security Council, Dr. Rusero argued that the current structure is a relic of the past and needs to be reformed. He highlighted the historical context of the creation of the UNSC in 1945, when no African nation had achieved independence. As you’ll recall, the current scenario, as much as Africa’s representation is concerned, is still pretty much a reflection of the immediate post-1945 design, which demarcates between the losers and the winners,” he explained. “The UN, because of that, has pretty much remained a racially designed organization that purports to represent the world. But in a sense, it’s a ‘club of white men‘ that then presides over the global architecture.” Dr. Rusero pointed out Africa’s significant geopolitical and socio-economic potential, emphasizing that the continent’s voice is crucial in shaping a more equitable and peaceful global order. The academic applauded Russian Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN, Dmitry Chumakov, for his call to correct “the historical injustice of Africa’s underrepresentation” in the UNSC. So that kind of truth that has been confronted by the Russian diplomat, Ambassador Chumakov, I think needs the support and to be rallied because it’s a wake-up call to say it’s a high time we remember Africa, which has been dismembered ever since slave trade took place,” Dr. Rusero stated. “This is now the time to relocate Africa to its position to involve and uplift it on the attic of the menu of the global social, political, economic, technological, and cultural architecture.” Dr. Rusero believes that increased African representation in the UNSC would not only bolster global peace and security but also contribute to a more just and inclusive world. He highlighted Africa’s unique approach to conflict resolution, emphasizing the continent’s peaceful nature and its capacity for mediation. “We have never quarreled due to borders that were colonially and imperially designed and imposed on us. Imagine what would have happened if borders were imposed in France, if borders were imposed in the United Kingdom.,” he said. “The world has a lot to learn from Africa with regard to peace and security than anyone else because we are the least aggressive continent.” Dr. Rusero expressed optimism that the tide is turning in favor of greater African representation, saying that the so-called “rules-based order,” dominated by the Global North, is “coming to an end.” It’s an inevitable reality. We are never going to have a hegemonic superpower,” he assumed, adding that the chances of Africa gaining a permanent seat in the UN Security Council are increasing. Western Dominance in UNSC The Zimbabwean expert argued that this imbalance in the UN Security Council undermines global decision-making, highlighting the hypocrisy of Western powers in the UNSC. He pointed to the example of the European Union, saying 28 European states, minus the UK after Brexit, formed the EU, but they “pretend this reality doesn’t exist” in the UN Security Council. “France wants its slice of the cake. The UK wants its slice of the cake. But yet, at the EU level, they are one,” Dr. Rusero stated. He further argued that the US, effectively “an extension” of the UK, occupies another seat in the UNSC, further skewing the balance of power. “So you have three states that pretend to be separate. They are one occupying separate positions. Then you have China representing Asia and Russia representing broader Eastern Europe. So where do you locate Africa in the scheme of things?” he questioned. Dr. Rusero expressed appreciation for Russia’s stance on this issue, recognizing Moscow’s support for increasing African representation. “I think Russia has also been grappling with the colonial matrix of power thanks to the Russian government under the leadership of President Putin,” he explained. “So they [the Russians] are also first realizing that the only genuine ally that they have in this scheme of things could be Africa, because Africa does not seek disadvantage. Africa does not seek to continue being reduced as a beggar, as a charity case, but to have win-win relations.” Dr. Rusero acknowledged that reform efforts are likely to face significant obstacles from Western powers, who benefit from the current structure. However, he expressed optimism about the future. “A new generation of Africans is waking up to the call. A new generation of Africa is now wedding off certain colonial contracts, duress contracts that Africans continue to be subjugated under, even when they attained independence right from 1956 with Sudan, 1957 Ghana, followed by a wholesome package of states between the 1960s up to the 1990s,” he said. US Dollar ‘Hegemony’ & Biased International Financial System Dr. Alexander Rusero also issued a scathing critique of the Bretton Woods system and the dominance of the US dollar in international trade, arguing that it has hampered African economic development and undermined the continent’s financial sovereignty. He highlighted the “weaponization” of the US dollar, explaining how African nations are often punished economically for not aligning with US foreign policy objectives. Dr. Rusero cited the experiences of Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Zambia, which have all suffered negative consequences due to the dominance of the US dollar. “There is no convincing theory of economics other than to say that the US dollar hegemony is no longer sustainable in the 21st century,” Dr. Rusero said. “A US dollar hegemony is a pandemic to Africa, which needs to be immunized in terms of some vaccinations of some sort with respect to progressive policies, bilateral and multilateral relations that will bring

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Several Africans Injured in UAV Attack in Russia’s Republic of Tatarstan: Reports

On Tuesday morning, a UAV attacked enterprises located in the Russian cities of Alabuga and Nizhnekamsk in the Republic of Tatarstan. The technological process of the enterprises was not disrupted; there was no serious damage, the authorities said, adding that at least 14 people were injured as a result of the attack. Citizens of nine countries, including African ones, were injured in a drone attack in Russia’s Republic of Tatarstan, Russian media reported, citing the press service of the head of Tatarstan. One of the victims is a student at Alabuga Polytechnic Educational Center, Otieno Macrene Ochieng from Kenya. The girl is now doing well. “I am fine now. Those who attacked our hostel today are real barbarians, and they deserve serious condemnation. In my opinion, they wanted to intimidate us, but I want to tell you they did not succeed. You won’t scare me because Alabuga is a strong place and we’ll get through this,” she said in a video message published in the Telegram channel of the Alabuga Special Economic Zone. A drone attack was carried out on firms in the Russian cities of Alabuga and Nizhnekamsk in Tatarstan on Tuesday morning. The technological operations of local companies were not affected and no serious damage was inflicted. Authorities reported that at least 14 individuals were injured in the attack. Earlier, on March 23, Ukrainian drones attacked the Kuybyshevsky Oil Refinery in the Russian region of Samara, causing a fire outbreak, as well as attempted to attack another refinery, according to the region’s governor.

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